Since the beginnings of early social structures in mankind, nature phenomenon’s such as the winds, the rising of the tides, the Sun, the night, the full moon, the rain, any natural disaster, and man himself in its origins, and in the meaning of life has been subject to supernatural explanations and the creation in man’s mind of unreachable deities that have overall control over nature and man itself. The more societies became organized politically the more Religions followed. Politics understood very quickly the value of Religion as a political tool and has been using it very aptly both as a coercive instrument of control, and as a distraction of the masses from apportioning blame as to real problems of a nation, by discharging that responsibility to the will of the Gods (God).
In the time line of religious practices we can pinpoint through archaeological discovery that already between 223000 100000 BCE Neanderthals as well as Homo Heidelbergensis, placed their dead in funerary caches, entailing some form of religious worship related to the passing of life. Bones, skulls bearing signs of being painted with a red ochre, as well as “Venus figurines are discovered in various different burial sites all dating back to 25000 BCE, showing the birth of the worship of “sacred relics”. However the Neolithic revolution between the 100th and 34th Centuries began to see the creation of states, cities and organized religions. So the “fusion” between politics and religion can be traced back to over nine thousand years BC. The Göbekli Tepe, the oldest worshipping site ever discovered is dated back between 9130 and 7323 BC.
However with it is with the appearance of the Proto Indo European between 5500 and 4500 BC that we see the real development of the fusion of political authority and religion with the instituting of blood sacrifice in religious worship that influenced all subsequent creations of religious practices in Europe, Anatolia and the Indian sub-continent. The appearance of the Proto Semitic peoples in 3750 BC and their spreading within the Arab Peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean, the clashes and assimilations of the two can be seen as the foundation of all Religions known to us today including the three Abrahamic consisting of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Though the oldest of documented religions is Hinduism, Zoroastrianism a religion that developed probably round the 6th Century in the Eastern part of Greater Iran, was the true precursor and the origin of all three Abrahamic Religions. The Religion itself is based on the philosophies of the Prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra), which was the world’s largest religion. In Zoroastrianism, the non-created but eternal God Ahura Mazda is the embodiment of absolute good, and no evil can originate from him. Evil is a distinct source and is known as Druj, and of course there is a perennial battle between Mazda and Druj. Natural elements such as fire and water are means of purification, free will, virgin birth, idolatry, the concepts of heaven and hell as well as the concept of sin is all included. Zoroastrianism is the true foundation of the Abrahamic Religions. More so than Reign of Akhenaton in Ancient Egypt, Akhenaton is sometimes wrongly credited with starting the earliest known monotheistic religion.
If take the time line of the history of mankind and correlate it to the time line of the history of religion, we can see clearly that each religion derives from the other. In fact all religions in one form or the other present similarities in doctrine and theology. A good example is that in Zoroastrian theology Zarathustra received directly from the word of Ahura Mazda, this correlates very well with that Jewish plagiarism that is the Book of Genesis where Moses received directly from the word of God.
Common also to all Pre-Abrahamic religions is the concept of the Garden of Eden and the “fall of man”
Ancient Greek mythology held that Man was immortal during the Golden Age, until Prometheus (the serpent), brought them fire to help them live through cold. The gods punished Men allowing Pandora to release the evil (death, sorrow, plague) into the world due to her curiosity.
In classic Persian Dualism, the world is an admixture of two substances, Good and Evil. Since only Good is eternal, a man who wants to live forever must purify himself from evil.
The Egyptian idea of God was in effect a great and supreme power which made the earth, the heavens, the sea, the sky, men and women, animals, birds, and creeping things, all that is and all that shall be, the Egyptians gave the name Neter. In the great Pyramid of Pepi an address to the deceased king says:” sesep-nek aru neter aaa-k am xer neteru” (Thou hast received the form of God, thou hast become great therewith before the gods.), here we also see the concept of God creating in its image, and we same then appear in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
In previous religions we find many copies of the figure of the Jesus Christ of the Christians, however Jesus was referred to as the chief cornerstone (i.e., capstone) - a reference to an Egyptian pyramid. The chief cornerstone of the pyramid is same symbol for Horus, the Egyptian god and saviour. Like the Egyptian pharaoh, Jesus was called a shepherd who rules the nations with a staff. Horus was a popular Egyptian god who was the son of Osiris and Isis. Osiris and Horus were both solar deities. Osiris was the setting sun, Horus the rising sun. Jesus is the rising Son and the morning star. The pharaoh was considered to be an incarnation of Horus (also known as "Amen-Ra," the sun god). In the same way, Jesus is considered to be the incarnation of his heavenly Father. Horus was the lamb of God who took away the sins of the world. Horus had an adversary named "Set". Jesus' adversary was "Satan".
The story of Horus can be found in "The Egyptian Book of the Dead (also known as the "Papyrus of Ani") wrote over 3,000 years before the birth of Christ.
Identical Life Experiences
(1) It is written that both Horus and Jesus existed before their incarnations.
(2) Horus was born of the virgin Isis on December 25th in a cave/manger.
(3) Horus' birth was announced by a star in the East and attended by three wise men.
(4) The infant Horus was carried out of Egypt to escape the wrath of Typhon. The infant Jesus was carried into Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod. Concerning the infant Jesus, the New Testament states the following prophecy: "Out of Egypt have I called my son." (Matt. 2:15)
(5) He was a child teacher in the temple and was baptized by Anup the Baptizer when he was thirty years old.
(6) He had twelve disciples and performed miracles such as feeding bread to the multitude and walking on water.
(7) He raised one man, El-Azar-us, from the dead.
(8) He transfigured on a mount.
(9) He also had titles such as the "way, the truth, the light, the Messiah, God's anointed Son, the Son of Man, the good shepherd, the lamb of God, the Word, the Morning Star, the light of the world.
(10) He was "the Fisher," and was associated with the lamb, lion and fish ("Ichthys").
(11) Horus's personal epithet was "Iusa," the "ever-becoming son" of "Ptah," the "Father."
(12) Horus was called "KRST," or "Anointed One.
(13) He was crucified, buried in a tomb and resurrected.
(14) The adoration of the Virgin and Child is connected with both the adoration of Isis and the infant Horus and the adoration of Mary and infant Jesus. In the catacombs at Rome are pictures of the baby Horus being held by the virgin mother Isis, the original "Madonna and Child."
(15) Concerning the writing of the Gnostics, C. W. King, a noted English author, says: "To this period belongs a beautiful sard in my collection, representing Serapis,...whilst before him stands Isis, holding in one hand the sistrum, in the other a wheat sheaf, with the legend: 'Immaculate is our lady Isis,' the very term applied afterwards to that personage who succeeded to her form, her symbols, rites, and ceremonies" (Gnostics and Their Remains, p. 71).
(16) Osiris, Isis, and Horus are the principal trinity of the Egyptian religions. God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Spirit is the Christian trinity. Dr. Inman affirms the Egyptian roots of the Christian trinity "The Christian trinity is of Egyptian origin, and is as surely a pagan doctrine as the belief in heaven and hell, the existence of a devil, of archangels, angels, spirits and saints, martyrs and virgins, intercessors in heaven, gods and demigods, and other forms of faith which deface the greater part of modern religions" (Ancient Pagan and Modem Christian Symbolism, p. 13).
(17) In Schulz, R. and M. Seidel, "Egypt: The World of the Pharaohs". Könemann, Cologne 1998. : "For thirty centuries the Egyptians had been familiar with the conception of a triune God. There was hardly a city of any note without its particular triads. Here it was Amum, Maut, and Khonso; there Osiris, Isis, and Horus" (Intellectual Development, Vol. I, p. 191).
(18) Shaw, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt stated: "Views of the Trinity, in accordance with Egyptian tradition, were established. Not only was the adoration of Isis under a new name restored, but even her image standing on the crescent moon reappeared. The well-known effigy of that goddess, with the infant Horus in her arms, has descended to our days in the beautiful artistic creations of the Madonna and Child." (Conflict, p. 48).
(19) Professor Ian Shaw also believes that Christianity has its main roots in Egypt: "It grew out of Egypt; its gospels came from thence [Alexandria]; its ceremonies were learned there; its Virgin is Isis; it’s Christ, Osiris and Horus."
(20) There are two stories connected with Horus that is analogous to stories found in the Old Testament. The hiding of the infant Horus in a marsh by his mother undoubtedly parallels the story of the hiding of the infant Moses in a marsh by his mother. When Horus died, Isis implored Ra, the sun, to restore him to life. Ra stopped his ship in mid-heaven and sent down Thoth, the moon, to bring him back to life. The stopping of the sun and moon by Isis recalls the myth of the stopping of the sun and moon by Joshua.
"Osiris, I am your son, come to glorify your soul, and to give you even more power." - Horus, (Book of the Dead, Ch. 173)
"Now is the Son of Man glorified and God is glorified in him. If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once." - Jesus, (John 13:31-32)
This is impossible to ignore or deny Horus, though many Christian scholars and Apologist prefer to exclude this fact of history from their arguments regarding the history of Christian doctrine.
The ancient Greeks adhered to the religious principle of one major deity, Zeus, and twelve lower deities both male and female, each in charge of a specific aspect of nature or human life. So you had Mars the God of war, as you had Poseidon God of the seas, or Venus the Goddess of love. In the relation between man and the Gods, blood sacrifices of animals were required, and in some cases also human sacrifice was requested by these Gods. Another interesting aspect of Greek religious practice was the Gods worshipped by the average Greek, were in themselves not immune to the very frailties and weaknesses present in the humans, these Gods and Goddess argued and bickered amongst each other, there was jealousy, rivalry, sex, both amongst themselves but also, according to Greek Mythology, between Gods and the humans. Many sons and daughters were born out of the joining of Gods and humans; this of course perpetuates the “concept” of Son of God, typical in Christianity.
The early Romans started their base religion on the Homeric principle that Aeneas the son of Venus, and Trojan hero who survived the fall of Troy settled in the coast of Lazio with the survivors of Troy. Aeneas was credited to have brought with him the Palladium, a wooden statue of Pallas Athena that was considered a protection for the city, the Lares which were statues of protection of the family unity, and the penates which were domestic deities that became a most to all Roman families. The Myths of the founding of Roman religious foundation can be seen in the geology of the Kings of Alba Longa, as well as in the well-known allegorical legend of Romulus and Remo the two twins saved and raised by a she wolf.
As the Rome grew and started assimilating neighbouring cultures, it also assimilated their deities, instead of destroying them, this of course was also to guarantee certain stability to the conquered peoples and facilitate a less antagonistic attitude to Roman rule. Roman Religion offers no native creation myth; neither does waste time to explain the origins of the various deities. Priesthood was held by the ruling classes, and there was no real principle of separation of church and state. Their whole religious theology was based on the principle of “Do ut des” (I give so you might give), and religion was part of daily life in Roman culture. Animal and human sacrifices to the Gods were not uncommon in early Roman history.
The sheer variety of upper and lower deities that came to bear as Rome grew as a world power, were also seen as a cause of political stability for the various countries assimilated by Roman conquest. So it is not surprising when early Christians began preaching their theory of the one true God above all, that all men are equal, that the rich and the poor are equal before God, then it easy to see how this was considered extremely dangerous to the political stability of Roman hegemony, and the inevitable violent reaction towards these Christians, that were probably viewed then like we see Al Qaeda today.